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weapons:m16a1 [2017/12/11 06:06]
ska_cat [Weapon Specifications]
weapons:m16a1 [2017/12/13 19:15] (current)
mezz
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 Originally in 1956, to meet the military'​s requirements,​ ArmaLite had submitted the AR-10 prototype - a futuristic-looking aluminium and composite lightweight rifle chambered in the new 7.62x51mm NATO round. The military had adopted the M14 by this stage, but they were forced to consider a request for a 5.56 cartridge and rifle just a year later in 1957. This was ArmaLite'​s AR-15 - the precursor to the M16.  Originally in 1956, to meet the military'​s requirements,​ ArmaLite had submitted the AR-10 prototype - a futuristic-looking aluminium and composite lightweight rifle chambered in the new 7.62x51mm NATO round. The military had adopted the M14 by this stage, but they were forced to consider a request for a 5.56 cartridge and rifle just a year later in 1957. This was ArmaLite'​s AR-15 - the precursor to the M16. 
  
-Following this, there was much controversy over the split between the M14 and the AR-15: whereas the latter was enthusiastically received by early Special Forces units trialing the weapons in Vietnam, many, including the Army, were reluctant to adopt two separate weapon platforms, insisting that the M14 was sufficient. Finally, the M14 gave way to the overwhelming evidence of effectiveness and the M16 was formally adopted for jungle warfare operations in 1964. Unfortunately,​ the early reputation of the M16 was quickly tarnished due to its poor reliability record in the harsh conditions of Vietnam. Because of its direct-impingement gas system, residue from fired ammunition would be returned to the receiver, causing a build up that negatively affected the weapon'​s performance. This caused the infamous '​failure to extract'​ (where fired cartridges remain lodged in the chamber) which unfortunately translated to significant casualties in combat, otherwise easily prevented. It was later found that a large part contributing to the malfunctions was the simple lack of cleaning (troops were instructed that the new rifle somehow was capable of cleaning itself and hence were not issued kits nor taught how to clean). Other factors critically included the powder of the cartridge, which left a lot more residue, as well as the inexplicable decision to remove chrome plating for the bore, hence preventing ​corrosion, that the AR-15 had so strongly boasted.+Following this, there was much controversy over the split between the M14 and the AR-15: whereas the latter was enthusiastically received by early Special Forces units trialing the weapons in Vietnam, many, including the Army, were reluctant to adopt two separate weapon platforms, insisting that the M14 was sufficient. Finally, the M14 gave way to the overwhelming evidence of effectiveness and the M16 was formally adopted for jungle warfare operations in 1964. Unfortunately,​ the early reputation of the M16 was quickly tarnished due to its poor reliability record in the harsh conditions of Vietnam. Because of its direct-impingement gas system, residue from fired ammunition would be returned to the receiver, causing a build up that negatively affected the weapon'​s performance. This caused the infamous '​failure to extract'​ (where fired cartridges remain lodged in the chamber) which unfortunately translated to significant casualties in combat, otherwise easily prevented. It was later found that a large part contributing to the malfunctions was the simple lack of cleaning (troops were instructed that the new rifle somehow was capable of cleaning itself and hence were not issued kits nor taught how to clean). Other factors critically included the powder of the cartridge, which left a lot more residue, as well as the inexplicable decision to remove ​the chrome plating for the bore which would have helped prevent ​corrosion, that the AR-15 had so strongly boasted.
  
 As a result of this, the M16A1 formally replaced the original M16 in 1967 and emphatically removed next to all issues pertaining to reliability. New features also included a forward-assist mechanism and a chrome-plated bore. Gradually, confidence was regained and the M16A1 became widely accepted. The M16A1 replaced the M14 as the US military'​s standard-issue rifle in 1969. As a result of this, the M16A1 formally replaced the original M16 in 1967 and emphatically removed next to all issues pertaining to reliability. New features also included a forward-assist mechanism and a chrome-plated bore. Gradually, confidence was regained and the M16A1 became widely accepted. The M16A1 replaced the M14 as the US military'​s standard-issue rifle in 1969.